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A list of all the amazing work done before us that helped make QuitSure be what it is today 
  1. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. 2014. Patterns of Tobacco Use Among U.S. Youth, Young Adults, and Adults. In: The Health Consequences of Smoking—50 Years of Progress: A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health. LINK

  2. Klein H, Sterk CE, Elifson KW. 2013. Initial Smoking Experiences and Current Smoking Behaviors and Perceptions among Current Smokers. Journal of Addiction, 2013: 491797. LINK

  3. MChem MB, Duffy S, Miler JA, Peter Hajek P. 2017. What proportion of people who try one cigarette become daily smokers? A meta-analysis of representative surveys. Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 2017: 1–7 LINK

  4. NIDA. 2021. Is nicotine addictive? Tobacco Nicotine e cigarettes Research Report. National Institute on Drug Abuse, United States. Retrieved from website of on 2022, January 6  LINK

  5. National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (US). 2010. Chemistry and Toxicology of Cigarette Smoke and Biomarkers of Exposure and Harm. In: How Tobacco Smoke Causes Disease: The Biology and Behavioral Basis for Smoking-Attributable Disease: A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta (GA): Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (US). LINK

  6. Benowitz NL. 2010. Nicotine addiction. The New England Journal of Medicine: Research and Review, 362(24): 2295–2303. LINK

  7. Olguín HJ, Guzmán DC, García EH, Mejía GB. 2016. The Role of Dopamine and Its Dysfunction as a Consequence of Oxidative Stress. Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity, 2016: 9730467. LINK

  8. Xiao C, Zhou C-y, Jiang J-h, Yin C. 2020. Neural circuits and nicotinic acetylcholine receptors mediate the cholinergic regulation of midbrain dopaminergic neurons and nicotine dependence. Acta Pharmacologica Sinica, 41: 1–9. LINK

  9. Benowitz NL, Hukkanen J, Jacob III P. 2009. Nicotine Chemistry, Metabolism, Kinetics and Biomarkers. Handb Exp Pharmacol, 192: 29–60. LINK

  10. Murphy SE. 2021. Biochemistry of nicotine metabolism and its relevance to lung cancer. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 296: 100722. LINK

  11. al’Absi M, Lemieux A, Hodges JS, Allen S. 2019. Circulating orexin changes during withdrawal are associated with nicotine craving and risk for smoking relapse. Addiction biology, 24(4): 743–753. LINK

  12. Hughes JR. 2007. Effects of abstinence from tobacco: Valid symptoms and time course. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 9(3): 315–327. LINK

  13. Perkins KA. 2002. Chronic tolerance to nicotine in humans and its relationship to tobacco dependence. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 4: 405– 422. LINK

  14. Perkins KA, Grobe JE, Epstein LH, Caggiula A, Stiller RL, Jacob RG.1993. Chronic and Acute Tolerance to Subjective Effects of Nicotine. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior, 45: 375-381. LINK

  15. Marina R. Picciotto MR, Paul J. Kenny PJ. 2020. Mechanisms of Nicotine Addiction. Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in medicine, 3: a012112. LINK

  16. Puripattanavong J, Songkram C, Lomlim L, Amnuaikit T. 2013. Development of concentrated emulsion containing Nicotiana tabacum extract for use as pesticide. Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science, 3 (11): 016-021 LINK

  17. Dewi TSK, Supartini, Haryuni, Suprapti E, Priyadi S, Ardiyanto DD, Priyatmojo A, Gozan M. 2018. Effect of Nicotiana tabacum Extract Concentration as Biopesticide on protein content of Robusta coffee beans and skin. Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research (ASSEHR), 247: 565–567. LINK

  18. Akumefula MI, OnwusonyeJ, Osuji CN, Uzomba Onyekuru DA, Akumefula FU, Ubaka K, Eziukwu C. 2014. Comparative assessment of the insecticidal potency of tobaccol extract (Nicotiana tabacum), black pepper seeds (Uziza) extract (Piper guineense) and African pepper seeds (Uda) extract (Xylapia aetiopica). Chemistry and Materials Research, 6(9): 57–59. LINK

  19. Mayer B. 2014. How much nicotine kills a human? Tracing back the generally accepted lethal dose to dubious self‑experiments in the nineteenth century. Archives of Toxicology, 88:5–7. LINK

  20. Stavanja MS, Curtin GM, Ayres PH, Bombick ER, Borgerding MF, Morgan WT, Garner CD, Pence DH, Swauger JE. 2007. Safety assessment of diammonium phosphate and urea used in the manufacture of cigarettes. Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology, 59: 339–353. LINK

  21. Drake MP, Vann MC, Fisher LR. 2015. Nitrogen application rate influence on yield, quality, and chemical constituents of flue-cured tobacco, part i: application timing. Tobacco Science, 52:11–17. LINK

  22. Ahsan A, Wiyono NH, Kiting AS, Djutaharta T, Aninditya F. 2014. Impact of increasing tobacco tax on government revenue and tobacco consumption. Funded by the USAID Support for Economic Analysis Development in Indonesia project. LINK

  23. Marr C, Huang C-C. 2014. Higher tobacco taxes can improve health and raise revenue. Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. LINK

  24. Ameringer KJ, Leventhal AM. 2015. Psychological symptoms, smoking lapse behavior, and the mediating effects of nicotine withdrawal symptoms: a laboratory study. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 29(1): 71–81. LINK

  25. Dodaj A, Šimić N. 2012. Stressful Life Events and Psychosomatic Symptoms Among Students Smokers and Non-smokers. Psychology Research, 2(1): 14-24. LINK

  26. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. How Tobacco Smoke Causes Disease: The Biology and Behavioral Basis for Smoking-Attributable Disease: A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 2010. LINK

  27. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The Health Consequences of Smoking: 50 Years of Progress. A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 2014. Printed with corrections, January 2014. LINK

  28. Center for Disease Control and Prevention. 2021. Health effects of cigarette smoking. [accessed on 30th December, 2021]. LINK

  29. National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (US). 2010. Pulmonary Diseases. In: How Tobacco Smoke Causes Disease: The Biology and Behavioral Basis for Smoking-Attributable Disease: A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta (GA): Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (US). LINK

  30. ASH Fact Sheet. 2020. Smoking and Respiratory Disease. Action on Smoking and Health, UK. LINK

  31. Leone A. 2011. Does Smoking Act as a Friend or Enemy of Blood Pressure? Let Release Pandora’s Box. Cardiology Research and Practice, 2011:264894, 7 pages. LINK

  32. Morita A. 2007. Tobacco smoke causes premature skin aging. Journal of Dermatological Science, 48: 169—175. LINK

  33. Pfeifer GP, Denissenko MF, Olivier M, Tretyakova N, Hecht SS, Hainaut P. 2002. Tobacco smoke carcinogens, DNA damage and p53 mutations in smoking-associated cancers. Oncogene, 21: 7435 – 7451. LINK

  34. Xu L, Zhang W, Zhu X-Y, Suo T, Fan X-Q, Fu Y. 2016. Smoking and the risk of dry eye: a meta-analysis. International Journal of Opthalmology Press, 9(10): 1480–1486. LINK

  35. Al-Bashaireh AM, Haddad LG, Weaver M, Chengguo X, Kelly DL, Yoon S. 2018. The effect of tobacco smoking on bone mass: an overview of pathophysiologic mechanisms. Journal of Osteoporosis, 2018:1206235. LINK

  36. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is a component of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). 2018. Smoking and bone health. LINK

  37. Elbejjani M, Auer R, Jacobs Jr. DR, Haight T, Davatzikos C, Goff Jr.DC, R. Nick Bryan RN, Launer LJ. 2019. Cigarette smoking and gray matter brain volumes in middle age adults: the CARDIA Brain MRI sub-study. Translational Psychiatry, 9:78 LINK

  38. Bonnie RJ, Stratton K, Kwan LY. 2015. The Effects of Tobacco Use on Health. Committee on the Public Health Implications of Raising the Minimum Age for Purchasing Tobacco Products; Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice; Institute of Medicine. National Academies Press, Washington, D.C. LINK

  39. Taylor FR. 2015. Tobacco, Nicotine, and Headache. Headache, 55(7): 1028–1044. LINK

  40. Rad M, Kakoie S, Niliye Brojeni F, Pourdamghan N. 2010. Effect of Long-term Smoking on Whole-mouth Salivary Flow Rate and Oral Health. Journal of Dental Research Dental Clinics Dental Prospects, 4(4):110-114. LINK

  41. Petrušić N, Posavac M, Sabol I, Mravak-Stipetić M. 2015. The Effect of Tobacco Smoking on Salivation. Acta Stomatologica Croatica, 49(4): 309-315. LINK

  42. Das SK, Chisti MJ, Ahmed AM, Malek MA, Ahmed S, Shahunja KM, Ferdous F, Farzana FD, Das J, Rahman A, Al Mamun A, Faruque AS. 2015. Diarrhoea and smoking: an analysis of decades of observational data from Bangladesh. BMC Public Health, 15: 646. LINK

  43. Khosravi A, Mohammadpoorasl A, Holakouie-Naieni K, Mahmoodi M, Pouyan AA, Mansournia MA. Causal Effect of Self-esteem on Cigarette Smoking Stages in Adolescents: Coarsened Exact Matching in a Longitudinal Study. The Osong Public health and Research Perspectives. 2016;7(6):341-345. LINK

  44. Costa M, Esteves M. 2017. Cigarette Smoking and Sleep Disturbance. Addictive Disorders & Their Treatment, 17(1): p 40-48. LINK

  45. von Lampe K, Kurti M, Johnson J. 2018. “I'm gonna get me a loosie” Understanding single cigarette purchases by adult smokers in a disadvantaged section of New York City. Preventive Medicine Reports, 12: 182–185. LINK

  46. Malone KM, Waternaux C, Haas GL, Cooper TB, Li S, Mann JJ. 2003. Cigarette Smoking, Suicidal Behavior, and Serotonin Function in Major Psychiatric Disorders. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 160:773–779 LINK

  47. The National Cancer Institute's ("NCI") Tobacco Control Research Branch. How Much Will You Save? Updated July 2, 2020. LINK

  48. World Health Organization. 2021. Tobacco. LINK

  49. Smyth BP, Barry J, Keenan E, Ducray K. 2010. Lapse and relapse following inpatient treatment of opiate dependence. The Irish Medical Journal, 103(6): 176-179. LINK

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  58. Cox SL, Patten CA, Ebbert JO, Drews AA, Croghan GA, Clark MM, Wolter TD, Decker PA, Hurt RD. 2002. Tobacco use outcomes among patients with lung cancer treated for nicotine dependence. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 20(16): 3461-3469. LINK

  59. Berg CJ, An LC, Kirch M, Guo H, Thomas JL, Patten CA, Ahluwalia JS, West R. 2010. Failure to report attempts to quit smoking. Addictive Behaviors, 35(10): 900–904. LINK

  60. CDC. 2012. Preventing tobacco use among youth and young adults : a report of the Surgeon General. – Atlanta, GA. : Dept. of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health; Washington, D.C. 2012 LINK

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  62. Sokol NA, Kennedy RD, Connolly GN. 2014. The role of cocoa as a cigarette additive: opportunities for product regulation. Nicotine and Tobacco Research. 16(7):984-991. LINK

  63. Vennemann MM, Hummel T, Berger K. 2008. The association between smoking and smell and taste impairment in the general population. Journal of Neurology, 255: 1121–1126. LINK

  64. Grunberg NE, Starosciak AK. 2010. Nicotine. In: Koob GF, Le Moal M, Thompson RF (eds). Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience. Academic Press. pp 464-470. LINK

  65. Dorey A, Scheerlinck P, Nguyen H, Albertson T. 2020. Acute and Chronic Carbon Monoxide Toxicity from Tobacco Smoking. Military Medicine, 185(1-2): e61–e67. LINK

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  67. Muscatello MR, Scimeca G, Lorusso S, Battaglia F, Pandolfo G, Zoccali RA, Bruno A. 2017. Anger, Smoking Behavior, and the Mediator Effects of Gender: An Investigation of Heavy and Moderate Smokers. Subst Use Misuse, 52(5):587-593. LINK

  68. Moylan S, Jacka FN, Pasco JA, Berk M. 2012. Cigarette smoking, nicotine dependence and anxiety disorders: a systematic review of population-based, epidemiological studies. BMC Medicine. 10:123. LINK

  69. Fluharty M, Taylor AE, Grabski M, Munafò MR. 2017. The Association of Cigarette Smoking With Depression and Anxiety: A Systematic Review. Nicotine and Tobacco Research,19(1):3-13. LINK

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  71. Greenhalgh EM, Jenkins S, Stillman S, Ford C. 2020. Factors that predict success or failure in quit attempts. In Greenhalgh, EM, Scollo, MM and Winstanley, MH [editors]. Tobacco in Australia: Facts and issues. Melbourne: Cancer Council Victoria, Last updated August 2020. retreived from LINK

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  73. Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. 2021. Immediate smokers savings from quitting in each state. Retreived from LINK

  74. Shahab L, West R. 2012. Differences in happiness between smokers, ex-smokers and never smokers: cross-sectional findings from a national household survey. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 121: 38– 44. LINK

  75. Wilkinson AV, Shete S, Prokhorov AV. 2008. The moderating role of parental smoking on their children's attitudes toward smoking among a predominantly minority sample: a cross-sectional analysis. Subst Abuse Treatment Prevention Policy. 3:18. LINK

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  77. Glantz SA, Bareham DW. 2018. E-Cigarettes: Use, Effects on Smoking, Risks, and Policy Implications. Annual Review of Public Health, 39(1): 215–235. LINK

  78. Hajek P, Gillison F, McRobbie H. 2003. Stopping smoking can cause constipation. Addiction, 98(11):1563-7. LINK

  79. Chean KY, Goh LG, Liew KW, et al. 2019. Barriers to smoking cessation: a qualitative study from the perspective of primary care in Malaysia. BMJ Open. 9(7):e025491. LINK

  80. Felson S. 2021. What is Nicotine Withdrawal? Retreived from on 13 th Jan, 2022. LINK

  81. National Cancer Institute. 2010. How To Handle Withdrawal Symptoms and Triggers When You Decide To Quit Smoking. Retreived from on 13th Jan, 2022. LINK

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  83. National Health Service UK. 2019. Stop smoking without putting on weight. Retreived from on 13th Jan, 2022. LINK

  84. CDC. 2020. Benefits of quitting. Retreived from on 13th Jan, 2022. LINK

  85. Forsythe L, Wallace J, Livingstone M. 2008. Obesity and inflammation: The effects of weight loss. Nutrition Research Reviews, 21(2), 117-133. LINK

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  87. Jaehne A, Unbehaun T, Feige B, Cohrs S, Rodenbeck A, Schütz AL, Uhl V, Zober A, Riemann D. Sleep changes in smokers before, during and 3 months after nicotine withdrawal. Addiction Biology. 2015 Jul;20(4):747-55. LINK

  88. Koçak ND, Eren A, Boğa S, Aktürk UA, Öztürk ÜA, Arınç S, Şengül A. 2015. Relapse rate and factors related to relapse in a 1-year follow-up of subjects participating in a smoking cessation program. Respiratory Care. 60 (12): 1796-1803. LINK

  89. Polito JR. 2012. Are those who quit smoking paying with their lives because of NRT’s failure? British Medical Journal. 344:e886 LINK

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  91. Pierce JP, Cummins SE, White MM, Humphrey A, Messer K. 2012. Quitlines and nicotine replacement for smoking cessation: do we need to change policy? Annual Review of Public Health, 33: 341-356. LINK

  92. Piper ME. 2015. Withdrawal: Expanding a Key Addiction Construct. Nicotine and Tobacco Research.17(12):1405-1415. LINK

  93. Liu X, Li R, Lanza ST, Vasilenko SA, Piper M. 2013. Understanding the role of cessation fatigue in the smoking cessation process. Drug and Alcohol Dependence.133(2): 548-555. LINK

  94. Bargh JA, Morsella E. 2008. The Unconscious Mind. Perspectives on Psychological Science. 3(1):73-79. LINK

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  96. Cougle JR , Zvolensky MJ , Hawkins KA. 2013. Delineating a Relationship Between Problematic Anger and Cigarette Smoking: A Population-Based Study. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 15(1): 297–301. LINK

  97. Parrott AC. 2003. Cigarette derived nicotine is not a medicine. The World Journal of Biological Psychiatry. 4(2): 49-55. LINK

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  104. Pierce JP, Gilpin EA. 2002. Impact of over-the-counter sales on effectiveness of pharmaceutical aids for smoking cessation. Journal of the American Medical Association. 288(10): 1260-1264. LINK

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